Once upon a time, trade caravans of the Silk Road passed through the territory of this state, located in the very heart of Central Asia. The armies of the great conquerors of the past, for example, Alexander the Great and Timur (Tamerlane), also “noted” on these lands. It is believed that it was Timur who turned Samarkand into the largest cultural center of the region, where many scholars of that time lived, worked and worked.
Modern Uzbekistan borders on Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
The landscape structure of the country is diverse: here the steppes are gradually turning into deserts, and behind the mountain ranges, flowering valleys full of life are hidden. The Khazret-Sultan peak (4643 meters), which is part of the Gissar ridge, is the highest point in Uzbekistan. The main waterways of the country and the whole of Central Asia as a whole are the Amu Darya and Syrdarya rivers. Also, Uzbekistan, like the neighboring Kazakhstan, has access to the Aral Sea.
Uzbekistan is considered a country of increased seismic activity, since earthquakes quite often occur on its territory, and the amplitude of oscillations sometimes even reaches 10 points.
The climate in this country is sharply continental: in some areas the average temperature in winter is about -4C, while in others the thermometer can drop to -38C; in summer it is quite hot - from + 27C to +40 degrees Celsius and even higher.
The fauna and flora of Uzbekistan are diverse. Several thousand plant species grow here. The most common are saxaul, wild poppies and tulips, pistachio and juniper trees, sea buckthorn and many others. The fauna of the country is no less diverse - in its vastness there are numerous herds of wild boars, saigas and deer. Here you can often see flocks of jackals and many other representatives of the Central Asian fauna. But gazelles began to come across less often. These animals, as well as the horned goat, have been in the Red Book for a long time, along with the mountain sheep and the snow leopard.